The ocean is now a world that is wide open to economic activities. Blue economy activities exploits the resources of the ocean and maritime space. How can we make the most of them, while protecting exceptional ecosystems?
The seas and coasts are shared common goods, where the general interest intersects with conflicting individual interests and a multitude of activities. The integrated maritime policy aims to develop a shared and strategic vision of these issues, and to implement it in concrete terms (strategies, action plans).
Spatial planning and urban development enable activities to be organised on land. Maritime spatial planning transposes this approach to the sea, to a three- or four-dimensional space that belongs to everyone...
Awareness of the central role of the sea is leading a growing number of coastal communities and authorities to want to integrate this space into their projects. In this context, the creation of effective and equitable maritime and coastal governance is the key to sustainable management of the marine and coastal environment.
Faced with the rapid evolution of maritime activities, it is increasingly necessary to innovate in terms of regulation and planning. These developments raise new and difficult questions, particularly in the field of human sciences (political science, geography, sociology, law, etc.), which must establish the academic foundations for resolving them.