Integrated maritime policies have been developing for some thirty years, first in the large maritime and federal countries (Australia, etc.) concerned with coordinating the actions of public players, then progressively in all maritime countries, and at all levels (supra-national: regional seas; sub-national: regions, federated states, etc.)

The traditional conception of maritime policy favours sectoral approaches (by economic sector: fishing, transport, etc.) and thematic approaches (environment, defence, etc.).

It is no longer possible with this approach to manage conflicts between uses and the environment (particularly the cumulative impacts of multiple activities on the environment), nor the growing conflicts between activities sharing the same space and resources.

The integrated approach makes it possible to deal with these interactions, and beyond, since it makes it possible to develop synergies between activities: sharing of means, knowledge, infrastructures, investments, etc. On the basis of a shared vision, coherent strategies and action plans can be developed, implemented and monitored in a concerted manner. Finally, the policy can be evaluated in an integrated way.

SML provides support during all phases of the integrated maritime policy life cycle


Analyse the issues and their interactions, today and tomorrow (prospective)


Define a shared vision for the future and translate it into strategies (territorial, sectoral, transversal, etc.)


Develop action plans, monitor their implementation (follow-up and monitoring)


Evaluate policies and action plans, propose revisions

Some examples of our work in this area